The Armorial and Saker websites have been updated to reflect the items in this letter.
Vert Hawk Herald
- * Alexander Brightmoore. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, in fess four chalices counterchanged.
Please advise the submitter to draw the chalices with more even spacing across the field.
- * Alexandra Vazquez de Granada. Alternate name Ayshuna bint Yasir al-Garnatiyya.
The submitter requested authenticity for Arabic al-Andalus, which was not summarized on the Letter of Intent. Normally that would be grounds for a pend, but in this case, it is not necessary. All elements are in Pelican's article about al-Andalus; she can confirm that this is an authentic name for the later parts of the Andalusian period (as diminutives like Ayshuna, a diminutive of `A'isha, seem to have become popular only later in the period).
- * Alexandra Vazquez de Granada. Heraldic will.
Upon her death, Alexandra's heraldic will transfers control of her currently registered items to the office of the Gold Falcon Principal Herald of the Kingdom of Calontir.
- * Annora Reyner. Device. Lozengy argent and vert, a chevron purpure.
- * Coeur d'Ennui, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) A boar's head erased gules within and conjoined to an annulet Or.
- * Eoswyth þe Siðend. Name change from holding name Tiffany of Three Rivers.
Submitted as Eowyth þa Siðend, this is an appeal from a Laurel return of the name in March 2012. At that time, the name was returned for construction issues of both the given name and the byname. The return stated that "the evidence that was presented supports the given name Eoswyth rather than Eowyth; in all the examples, -s is part of the deuterotheme (the second element of the name)." The appeal cited a single citation from Searle of a woman recorded as Wifwith. The use of Searle, however, is problematic. As the January 2013 Cover Letter stated:
The use of Searle was discouraged for good reason. Searle took names from a variety of times and places and normalized them all to late period West Saxon spellings. This includes names from elsewhere in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, but also includes continental names. Sometimes the standardized forms are quite different from the documentary forms. As such, the spellings in this source are often forms that are not attested or even plausible given our knowledge of Anglo-Saxon sources.
Tracking down the origin of the citation in Searle led to a collection of Anglo-Saxon charters known as Birch's Cartularium Saxonicum, where the name is recorded as Wifwyðe. The same charter is fortunately in the PASE database, and the name was able to be confirmed as being Wiswið. Commenters were unable to find any evidence at all of -with as opposed to -swith as a deuterotheme. Therefore, we have changed the given name to Eoswyth in order to register it.
In general, then, a dated citation in Searle should not be understood to be evidence that the specific spelling is dated to that time (or to any time at all). However, it is evidence that a person with some related name (sometimes a cognate in a different language) was recorded in an Anglo-Saxon record at that time. As such, every effort should be made to find the dated form of that name.
The name was also originally returned for insufficient documentation of the formation of the byname. The appeal provided additional documentation for the construction of a noun denoting an agent derived from the present participle of a verb. As the verb in question is síðian, according to Bosworth-Toller's Anglo-Saxon Dictionary and Wright's Old English Grammar the more likely formation would be síðiend. However, there is a citation of síðen as the verb also in Bosworth-Toller, and a quote from the Exeter Book's poem Juliana with the phrase "Ic eom engel godes ufan siþende." This is enough information to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and to support the construction siðend as requested. The article, however, should be the simple demonstrative pronoun þe, as þa is the feminine accusative or plural nominative and accusative case.
- * Geira Matheusdóttir. Name and device. Gules, a cameleopard passant Or marked sable between three roundels Or.
The submitter requested authenticity for 10th century Norse. While this request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent, a commenter noted it in time for commenters to provide information such that it does not have to be pended.
We cannot be confident that the byname Matheusdóttir was used as early as the 10th century; thus, we cannot confirm that the name is authentic. However, it seems likely to be so.
- * Gobbán Mac Roibeáird. Name.
As submitted, Gobbán was documented as a given name to 641, while Roibeáird as a name not in use before 1167. As the names are separated by more than 500 years, they cannot be combined. Luckily, Gobbán is a saint's name and can be registered for a later period under the saint's name allowance. Thus, the combination can be registered.
- * Hrefna Hallberudóttir. Name change from Isibel Hallberudottir.
The submitter requested authenticity for 10th century Norse; both elements are from the Landnámabók, and so are authentic for 10th century Iceland.
The forms for this item were not posted to OSCAR. As this is a single item and the omission was only noted a few days before the end of commentary, we are not going to penalize the submitter this time. However, we remind submissions heralds that failure to post the forms is equivalent to not providing hard copy to the Laurel office and is grounds for return.
Her previous name, Isibel Hallberudottir, is released.
- * Iamys Makillewray. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, a tower and a lion dormant counterchanged.
Nice 16th century Scots name!
- * Johannette de Franconofurd. Name change from holding name Johannette Elisabeth of Grimfells.
- * Margaret William of Westermark. Device. Per bend sinister gules and vert, an open book argent and a spoon fesswise reversed Or.
- * Nadezhda Mikolaevicha. Name and device. Sable, two chatloups rampant and on a point pointed Or a rose sable.
- * Richard de Bleys. Name and device. Azure, on a bend sinister cotised argent three hearts gules.
The byname was not clearly dated in the Letter of Intent. Eastern Crown was able to date it: "Lettres et mandements de Jean V, duc de Bretagne, Volume 6 at p. 27 has Olivier de Bleys in a document dated to 1420. It appears as though the original spellings have been preserved in the transcription." Thus, this name can be registered as submitted.
- * Sakurai no Jirou Takeo. Name and device. Argent, a torii gate gules and on a chief wavy sable three cherry blossoms argent.
Submitted as Sakurái no Jirou Takéo, the name was changed by kingdom to Sakurai Jiro Takeo, presumably to match the documentation they could find. However, this change was not summarized.
Some of the changes made by kingdom were required: the accents on the elements are not documented. The other changes were not necessary; the name is registerable with or without no and as Jiro or Jirou. We have therefore partially restored the name to the submitted form.
There is a step from period practice for the use of a torii gate.
- * Persephone Odymsy. Device. Argent, a wood bow bendwise, string to base, nocked of an all brown arrow proper, on a chief indented vert a pomegranate and a mug, each bendwise sinister, Or.
This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." The chief here is drawn so low as to be confused with a per fess division. As a field divided per fess and a field with a chief are quite different, we must be able to distinguish between them.
The pomegranate here is also not reliably identifiable: it is cut in half to show all of the seeds, not just a narrow strip of seeds as in the heraldic pomegranate, is drawn at an angle instead of upright, and is depicted with perspective. This is also a violation of SENA A2C1, which states "Animals and plants must be drawn in a stylized heraldic form, not in a naturalistic or photorealistic style...While depictions that are somewhat more naturalistic than the flat stylized depictions of heraldic charges will be registered, animals and plants may not be drawn in trian aspect (with perspective)..."
The all brown arrow proper is also not allowable. SENA A3B1, when discussing proper tinctures, states "tools that can reasonably be wooden can be described as a wooden X proper, and are brown." While an arrow shaft may certainly be wooden, and the fletchings could conceivably come from a brown bird, the arrowhead is not naturally brown. The submitter may wish to consider an entirely sable bow and arrow upon resubmission.
- * Faustus Cantilius Lupus. Name.
The submitter requested authenticity for 1st or 2nd century CE Rome; this request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent. We are pending it to allow commenters to discuss whether the name meets this request.
This was item 7 on the Calontir letter of January 20, 2013.
- * Ximena Etxeberria. Name.
The submitter did not date the submitted spelling of the byname Etxeberria, though other spellings of the byname are dated. As the byname was misspelled (as Exteberria) for most of the commentary period, we are pending this in order to allow commenters to determine if this modern spelling can be found in period.
We note that the source the submitter provided for documentation seems to use modernized and standardized Castilian forms, not period documentary forms. Thus, they are evidence that some form of that name is period, not that any particular spelling is period.
This was item 18 on the Calontir letter of January 20, 2013.