An exclamation in brackets [!] is often used in German, at least, the way we would use the Latin [sic], to indicate that the preceding word(s) was spelled exactly like that.

On Mon, Nov 14, 2016 at 6:29 PM, Norm Platnick <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
Lynn, in Eugene Simon's spider collection in Paris, which includes Chinese specimens collected by David, the exclamation point denotes the collector.  Cheers, Norm

Dr. Norman I. Platnick
Senior Scientist and
Peter J. Solomon Family Curator Emeritus of Spiders
Division of Invertebrate Zoology
American Museum of Natural History
Central Park West at 79th Street
New York NY 10024

phone:  212-769-5612
fax:    212-769-5277
email:  [log in to unmask]

See the World Spider Catalog, version 15, at

See the goblin spider Planetary Biodiversity Inventory website, at

From: Entomological Collections Network Listserve <[log in to unmask]> on behalf of Lynn Kimsey <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Monday, November 14, 2016 7:25:25 PM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: question about exclamation mark

Folks any of you ever seen an exclamation mark used in species entries like below? This was a request from a librarian at Yale University to one of our librarians.


Hi All, I am looking at 1897 species accounts in L’Abeille journal l’Entomologie out of Paris and seeing notation which I don’t understand. Perhaps this means something to someone out there in library land. Note: I’ve asked around here to no avail.

I’m seeing this mark over and over again (for example):

L. (id.) coreanus Tschitsch. , 1895.

Environs nord de Pekin (A. David! 1865); Monpin (id., 1870); province Schen-si (id., 1875), …

I am wondering what the ! means. Do you know? Sometimes it appears after a personal name and sometimes after a place name.

Thanks for any information,

Alfred F. Newton
Curator Emeritus
Zoology Department/Insect Division
Field Museum of Natural History
1400 South Lake Shore Drive
Chicago, IL 60605 USA
Telephone (direct):  312-665-7738; Fax (Zoology):  312-665-7754
FMNH personal web page:  <>
Austral Staphyliniformia databases: <>