On 7/5/17 1:08 PM, Michael A. Ivie wrote:
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Question for the group. The Code Says:

72.4.1. The type series of a nominal species-group taxon consists of all the specimens included by the author in the new nominal taxon...

72.4.5. When an author designates a holotype [Art. 73.1], then the other specimens of the type series are paratypes.

If a species is described and diagnosed on the basis of both the adult and larva, the larvae used are part of the types species under 72.4.1, and the specimens are paratypes under 72.4.5, no?

Maybe, depending on when this was published. The key here is the term "included" in 72.4.1. Prior to 2000, ANY evidence can be used to determine what is included in the type series (Art., but after 1999, to be included, the specimens involved must be explicitly listed and unambiguously identifiable based solely on what is written in the description. Your comment about explicit exclusion pretty much only applies to names before 2000, because after 1999, *inclusion* became explicit (i.e., the "default" switched in the new Code; instead of everything being a paratype unless specified otherwise, everything is now NOT a paratype unless specified otherwise).

Doug Yanega      Dept. of Entomology       Entomology Research Museum
Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0314     skype: dyanega
phone: (951) 827-4315 (disclaimer: opinions are mine, not UCR's)
  "There are some enterprises in which a careful disorderliness
        is the true method" - Herman Melville, Moby Dick, Chap. 82