There will be one holotype, either an adult, a larva, (or pupa or egg, I suppose, also) depending on which stage of development the author assigned as the holotype (specimen).

So, "the specimens are" not all "paratypes under 72.4.5", but rather the "...other specimens..." (than the holotype) are the paratypes.

If this is what you are asking about? (Maybe I'm not reading your question properly?)


On Wed, Jul 5, 2017 at 1:08 PM, Michael A. Ivie <[log in to unmask]> wrote:

Question for the group. The Code Says:

72.4.1. The type series of a nominal species-group taxon consists of all the specimens included by the author in the new nominal taxon...

72.4.5. When an author designates a holotype [Art. 73.1], then the other specimens of the type series are paratypes.

If a species is described and diagnosed on the basis of both the adult and larva, the larvae used are part of the types species under 72.4.1, and the specimens are paratypes under 72.4.5, no?

If you disagree, please explain why, other than that they could be expressly excluded.




Michael A. Ivie, Ph.D., F.R.E.S.

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