I have a note from the June 12, 2017 roundtable at the Pittsburgh International Seminar that lemonade dyed red with cochineal was sold only at circuses, so thought to be sort of sleazy. I think that information might have come from Tim Bintrim. The connection was made between red lemonade and the red glass pitcher of lemonade in “Paul’s Case.”


That’s all I’ve got.




Diane Prenatt, Ph.D.

Professor of English

Marian University


From: 5 Bank Street: The Listserv for Willa Cather Scholars [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of Guy Reynolds
Sent: Thursday, June 14, 2018 8:30 AM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: [5BANKSTREET] FW: A Question about "Paul's Case" from China


Hello everyone :

I’m forwarding an email from a Chinese scholar who has a question about ‘Paul’s Case’: What do you think? I have my own theories….but thought it interesting to ask.



Guy Reynolds


Director, Cather Project

Department of English

337D Andrews Hall

Lincoln, NE 68588-0333


(402) 472-1885

[log in to unmask]



From: "[log in to unmask]" <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Tuesday, June 12, 2018 at 9:22 AM
To: Guy Reynolds <[log in to unmask]>
Subject: A Question about "Paul's Case" from China


Dear Professor Reynolds,

This is Helen Shou from Zhejiang University in China. I am from the English Department in our university and teach English short stories. 

When I was having a discussion on "Paul's Case" with my students, one of them asked a question about the following part, and I'm not very sure about why Willa Cather put this part in the story and why she wrote that "the girls put lemonade in a red glass pitcher and the neighbours always joked about the suspicious colour of the pitcher". 

I would really appreciate it if you could answer my email and help me to solve this problem, in that I know that you are an expert in Cather studies.

"When the weather was warm, and his father was in a particularly jovial frame of mind, the girls made lemonade, which was always brought out in a red glass pitcher, ornamented with forget-me-nots in blue enamel. This the girls thought very fine, and the neighbours always joked about the suspicious colour of the pitcher". 

Looking forward to hearing from you. Thank you very much.


Best Regards

Helen Shou

The English Department

Zhejiang University